P-47  "JUG"
 
 
 
Brief Overview
412th Fighter Squadron
373rd Fighter Group
Ninth Air Force
1943 -1945
 
Excerpted from "A Report of the 412th Fighter Squadron Operations During World War II" by Colonel Frederick C. Bealke, Jr. AUS (Ret) 12 July 1988.
 

The 373rd Fighter Group, composed of the 410th, 411th and 412th Fighter Squadrons, was constituted on 25 May 1943 and activated on 15 August 1943. The Group trained for combat on P-47's and went to England in March 1944 where it was assigned to the 9th Air Force. The Group flew its 1st combat mission on 8 May 1944, a fighter sweep over Normandy. It then took part in preinvasion activities, e.g., escorting B-26's to attack airdromes, bridges and railroads in France. The Group patrolled the air over the beachhead when the Allies launched the Normandy invasion on 6 June 1944, and hit troops, tanks, roads, fuel depots and other targets in the assault area until the end of the month.

The Group moved to the Continent in July 1944 where it struck railroads, hangars, boxcars, warehouses and other objectives to prevent reinforcements from reaching the front at St. Lo, where the Allies broke though on 25 July 1944. The Group bombed such targets as troops in the Falaise-Argentan area in August 1944. During the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944 - January 1945, the Group concentrated on the destruction of bridges, marshalling yards and highways. It flew reconnaissance missions to support ground operations in the Rhine Valley in March 1945, hitting airfields, motor transports, etc. The Group continued tactical air operations until 4 May 1945.

The 373rd Group retuned to the United States in August 1945. On 7 November 1945, the 373rd Fighter Group was inactivated.

 
Stations

Westover Field, MA 15 Aug - 22 Oct 1943
Norfolk AAB, VA 23 Oct - 15 Feb 1944
Richmond AAB, VA 15 Feb - 15 Mar 1944
Camp Shanks, NY 15 Mar - 22 Mar 1944
New York Port of Embarkation 22 Mar  - 23 Mar 1944
At sea (HMS Duchess of Bedford) 23 Mar - 3 Apr 1944
Greenock, Scotland 3 Apr - 3 Apr 1944
Woodchurch, Kent, England 419 4 Apr - 19 Jul 1944
Tour-en-Besin, France A-13 19-31 Jul - 19-20 Aug 1944
St. James, France A-29 19-20 Aug - 18-24 Sep 1944
Reims, France A-62 19-24 Sep - 22-27 Oct 1944
Le Culot, Belgium Y-89 22-27 Oct 44 - 11-15 Mar 1945
Venlo, Holland Y-55 11-15 Mar - 20-24 Apr 1945
Lippstadt, Germany Y-98 20-24 Apr - 20-21 May 1945
Illesheim, Germany R-10 20-28 May - 25 Jul 1945
At sea (SS West Point) 25 Jul - 1 Aug 1945 
Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation 1 Aug - 1 Aug 1945 
Camp Pactrick Henry, VA 1 Aug - 1 Aug 1945 
Sioux Falls AAF, SD 4 Aug - 17 Aug 1945 
Seymour-Johnson Field, NC 20 Aug - 27 Sep 1945 
Mitchel Field, NY 28 Sep - 7 Nov 1945 
 
Campaigns
Air Offensive, Europe
Normany
Northern France
Rhineland
Ardennes-Alsace
Central Europe
 
Decorations

Distinguished Unit Citation, Rhine River 20 May 1945
French Croix de Guerre with Palm Aug 1944
Cited in Order of the Day, Belgium Army 1 Oct - 17 Dec 1944
Cited in Order of the Day, Belgium Army 18 Dec 1944 - 15 Jan 1944
Belgium Fourragere 15 Jan 1945
 
by Colonel Frederick C. Bealke, Jr. AUS (Ret) 12 July 1988.
 
 

412th Squadron patch image courtesy of Bruce Lowell and Bob Colangelo.